MARTYROLOGY-JULY 22

Martyrology-July 22nd
Roman Martyrology-July 22nd- on this date in various years-

At Marseilles in France, the birthday of St. Mary Magdalene, out of whom our Lord expelled seven demons, and who deserved to be the first to see the Saviour after he had risen from the dead.

At Philippi in Macedonia, St. Syntyche, mentioned by the blessed apostle Paul.

At Ancyra in Galatia, the birthday of the martyr St. Plato. Under the lieutenant-governor Agrippinus, he was scourged, lacerated with iron hooks, and subjected to the most atrocious torments, and finally being beheaded, he rendered his invincible soul to God. The Acts of the Second Council of Nicaea bear witness to his miracles in helping captives.

In Cyprus, St. Theophilus, a praetor, who was apprehended by the Arabs, and as he could not be induced either by gifts or by threats to deny Christ, was put to the sword.

At Antioch, the holy bishop Cyril, who was distinguished for learning and holiness.

At Menat, in the territory of Auvergne, St. Meneleus, abbot.

In the monastery of Fontanelle in France, Abbot St. Wandrille, famous for his miracles. His body was afterwards translated to the monastery of Blandin, in Flanders.

At Lisbon in Portugal, St. Lawrence of Brindisi, priest and confessor, superior general of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin of St. Francis. Illustrious for his preaching and his arduous labour for the glory of God, he was canonized by Pope Leo XIII.

At Scythopolis in Palestine, St. Joseph, a count.

And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
R. Thanks be to God.

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4 comments on “MARTYROLOGY-JULY 22

  1. I need some help from the highly educated Angelqueen bloggers.

    According to the traditional propers and antiphons for the office, St Mary Magdalene was a penitent sinner, sister of Lazarus and Mary, who washed Our Lord’s feet with her tears and dried them with her hair.
    However, according to a book on the Lives of the Saints, which is based on the new calendar, the Church has now stipulated that the feast of St Mary Magdalene is solely a feast of the woman to whom Christ appeared after His Resurrection and this woman is not, or may not be, the sister of Lazarus or the penitent woman.
    Can someone explain to me why the Church has reversed a tradtional understanding here about this saint?

    • “From the [neo-Catholic] horse’s mouth” (“loaded” terms in quotations marks):

      “Scholars” seek to “correct” Christian tradition on Mary Magdalene

      By Jerry Filteau
      Catholic News Service

      WASHINGTON (CNS) — “Modern scholars” are seeking to “correct errors” about Saint Mary Magdalene.

      They are also trying to “set straight” centuries of “erroneous” Christian tradition regarding her that developed, especially in the West.

      In A.D. 591 Pope St. Gregory the Great preached a sermon in which he identified as one person the New Testament figures of Mary Magdalene, the sinful woman who anointed Jesus’ feet and washed them with her tears, and the Mary who was the sister of Lazarus and Martha of Bethany.

      Although he was only reflecting a tradition that had gained some ground in the West (and was resisted by many of the church’s early theologians), the sermon became a reference point for later scholarship, teaching and preaching in the West, Father Raymond F. Collins, a New Testament scholar at The Catholic University of America, said in an interview.

      The Greek Fathers — the great theologians of the early church in the East, who wrote in Greek — consistently maintained that Mary Magdalene, the unnamed repentant sinner and Mary of Bethany were three distinct women. That remains the tradition in the Orthodox churches.

      The identification of Mary Magdalene as a repentant sinful woman was solidified in the Latin Church for centuries by the use of that story, reported in the seventh chapter of Luke, as the Gospel reading for Mary Magdalene’s feast, July 22. In fact, in the Roman Calendar before the Second Vatican Council, the day was called the feast of “Mary Magdalene, penitent.”

      Father Collins noted that this changed in 1969 with the reform of the Roman Missal and the Roman Calendar. Since then the Gospel reading for Mary Magdalene’s feast has been Chapter 20, verses 1-2 and 11-18, of the Gospel of John.

      The first two verses tell of her coming to Jesus’ tomb early Sunday morning, finding it empty and running to tell Peter and John that someone has removed Jesus’ body. The second part of the reading tells of Mary staying behind, weeping, after Peter and John leave, and the risen Jesus speaking to her and telling her to announce to the rest of his followers, “I have seen the Lord.”

      Sister Elizabeth A. Johnson, a theologian at Fordham University and a Sister of St. Joseph, said the version of Mary Magdalene as “the prostitute to whom Jesus forgave much and who loved him … took on a profound Christian ideal of a sinner who repents and therefore is a model for Christians in that way. But what got lost in the process was her actual role as a leader of witnessing to the Resurrection in the early church.”

      Of the repentant prostitute version of the Magdalene, she said, “What a lot of us who’ve done some work on her say is … it’s a wrong one and in the process it’s robbing us of (appreciation of) women’s leadership at a crucial moment in the early church. In other words, in a way it’s easier … to deal with her as a repentant sinner than as she emerges in the Gospels in her own right.”

      So who is the real Mary Magdalene? Father Collins, who wrote the “Mary Magdalene” article in the Anchor Bible Dictionary, told Catholic News Service, “Luke describes Mary Magdalene as a woman from whom Jesus cast out seven demons, and that characterization of Mary Magdalene is repeated in the longer canonical ending of Mark’s Gospel.”

      But he noted that in Jesus’ time it was not uncommon to attribute physical or mental afflictions to demonic possession and this did not imply that the possessed person was sinful. “Whatever affected Mary Magdalene was considered to be the effect of demonic possession so she would not have been considered a public sinner the way the medieval legends have made her out to be,” he said.

      He said she is called the Magdalene because she comes from Magdala, “a fishing village up in northern Galilee.”

      He said one also learns from Luke “that she supported Jesus from her resources,” suggesting that she was a woman of some means, and that she was one of several women from Galilee who were disciples of Jesus and followed him.

      Luke’s Gospel is the only one that mentions Mary Magdalene by name in the narration of Jesus’ public ministry. But all four Gospel writers place her as a witness to Jesus’ death on the cross, a witness to his burial and the chief witness to his resurrection, making her one of the most significant female figures in the Gospels apart from Jesus’ own mother, Mary.

      Sister Elizabeth said that when one looks at the Magdalene’s biblical role as the one the risen Christ appears to and commissions to announce the good news to the others it has “many implications for how we tell the story of the origins of the church. There is the typical story of where Jesus chose the Twelve and put Peter in charge and the women, you know, were accessories. When you put Mary Magdalene into the picture, you can’t tell the story that way so simply anymore.”

      When asked for her own view of what that should mean for the church today, she said, “I would draw the implication that if the risen Christ saw fit to ask a woman to go and preach the good news of his resurrection, the church should do no less nowadays.”

  2. More feminist clap-trap: which is the reason why this “memorial” in the N.O. has been elevated to a “feast”. When I was in seminary, all the scripture scholars assured us it was the sexist, patriarchal, and medieval Church that denigrated the Magdalene as a sinner to keep women down. Even though Pope Francis (the “Pope of gestures”) effected this liturgical change, maybe he didn’t get the memo form the feminist theologians. For instance, sees his official prayer for the Year of Mercy [tm] –

    “Lord Jesus Christ,
    you have taught us to be merciful like the heavenly Father,
    and have told us that whoever sees you sees Him.
    Show us your face and we will be saved.
    Your loving gaze freed Zacchaeus and Matthew from being enslaved by money;
    the adulteress and Magdalene from seeking happiness only in created things;
    made Peter weep after his betrayal,
    and assured Paradise to the repentant thief. “

  3. Thank you Polycarp,
    In my wildest dreams I had not imagined the depths to which feminists will not go to bring on their evil. So St Mary Magdalene, according to the fembots, could not have been a great sinner – because she was a woman!
    As I understand it, the long held tradition of the Church is that St Mary Magdalene was a great sinner redeemed and converted by Christ who became one of His greatest followers. This is the image of the saint that I find so beautiful because, apparently unlike the feminists, I too am a sinner in need of redemption and I find in St Mary Magdalene someone truly wonderful as the picture of a soul redeemed, who gives back to her Redeemer all the love she can.

    Yes, I can see how that would be very offensive to the feminists.

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