Posted by New Catholic at 7/18/2016
Republican militiamen fire at the Monument to the Sacred Heart, in the Cerro de los Ángeles, province of Madrid — the monument would be completely destroyed in the first months of the persecution. It would be rebuilt following the war.
A Mass celebrated near the Sierra Nevada, in Andalusia, for the Tercio Isabel la Católica, of Granada, one of the many Catholic groups fighting against the attempted extermination of the Church.
A Russian Orthodox chaplain of the White Russian volunteers assembled by General Evgeny Miller, exiled in France, who would be kidnapped in French soil during the war, tortured and killed in his homeland.
Exactly 80 years ago, the tensions within the Spanish Republic reached unbearable levels and the alzamiento of July 18 began. The greatest persecution of Catholics since late Antiquity was about to begin in the territory retained by the Communist-inspired forces, and would be particularly brutal in the first six months of the conflict – giving the Church thousands of martyrs (including 13 bishops), of which around 1,000 have already been beatified.
Ten years ago, we began a special series of posts on the story of this relentless persecution, reverted only after Catholics joined the struggle for the faith: read it all in The Passion of Spain series. We also ask our readers to please share on our Twitter feed their favorite books, videos, online sources on this event, in any language – for instance, the Collective Letter of the Spanish Bishops (July 1, 1937); the response of several national episcopates, including the Bishops of Ireland; or the chilling images in the first and second annex on religious persecution of the Causa General.
As a final reminder of who represented what in that conflict, we once again recall the words of Pope Pius XII when victory was declared, in 1939: See comment below.